Sir Thomas More, his father, his household and descendants

© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Thomas More, his father, his household and descendants
Rowland Lockey, after Hans Holbein the Younger | 1593
Oil on canvas | (Original size: 89 1/2 in. x 130 in.)
NPG 2765

Sir Thomas More (1478-1535) was a lawyer, statesman, humanist, and martyr.

More was highly intelligent, and is recognised as one of the most influential thinkers of early modern Europe.

More entered royal service in the 1510s, and went on to represent England’s interests on the continent.

He was staunchly Catholic and worked to counter the growth of heresy in England. After Cardinal Wolsey was dismissed, More was chosen to replace him as Lord Chancellor.

More did not support Henry VIII’s divorce, nor the king’s claims to supremacy over the English Church. Although less vocal than Bishop Fisher in his opposition, More’s fate was nonetheless the same.

When he refused to accept the legitimacy of Henry’s new marriage to Anne Boleyn, More was imprisoned in the Tower of London. He was found guilty of treason, and beheaded on 6th July 1535.

Like John Fisher, Thomas More was quickly recognised as a Catholic martyr. He was officially canonised in 1935.

© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Thomas More
after Hans Holbein the Younger
early 17th century, based on a work of 1527
NPG 4358

The group portrait in the exhibition shows Sir Thomas More and five generations of his family.

It was commissioned by his grandson, Thomas More II, and was based on an earlier, now lost work of Hans Holbein from 1527/8, which showed just the first seven subjects, all of whom were alive at that time.

By adding in the next generations, Thomas II created an imaginative meeting of both living and deceased family members. Many of the sitters are holding prayer books, indicating their Catholic piety. Together the new painting argued that death, and even martyrdom, could not disrupt this family’s unwavering faith.

The portrait hanging on the wall to the right hand side is of Ann Cresacre, who is also represented between Sir John and Sir Thomas More on the left.

The reproduction in the exhibition is about one third of the size of the original.

1. Sir John More (1451-1530), father of Sir Thomas
2. Ann Cresacre (1511-77), wife of John More II

3. Sir Thomas More (1478-1535)

4. John More II (1510-47), son of Thomas
5. Cecily More (b. 1507), daughter of Thomas
6. Elizabeth More (b.1506), daughter of Thomas
7. Margaret More (1505-44), daughter of Thomas
8. John More III (b.1577), son of Thomas More II
9. Thomas More II (1531-1606), son of John More II
10. Christopher Cresacre More (1572-1649), son of
Thomas More II
11. Maria Scrope (1535-1607), wife of Thomas More II

Explore the Tudor history we tell through this portrait:

The 1530s: divorce, reform, martyrs


Previous portrait
Back to the gallery
Learn more about this portrait on the NPG website
Next portrait

Return to the exhibition homepage